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What Are Porcelain Veneers And How Do They Work?

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Porcelain veneers refer to thin slices of tooth-coloured material that are custom-made for bonding on the front of damaged or discoloured teeth to make them look healthy again. They are a popular cosmetic treatment to improve the colour, size, shape, or length of your teeth. They’re typically used to fix:

All You Need To Know About Porcelain Veneers

  • Discoloured teeth: your dentist can recommend porcelain veneers to cover up teeth stains caused by medications such as tetracycline, or discolouration due to excess fluoride. They can also be used to conceal large resin fillings or root canal therapy.

  • Worn down teeth: to improve their size and shape.

  • Chipped or broken teeth: to improve your smile.

  • Teeth with spaces between them: to eliminate gaps between teeth that may cause shifting.

    Minor cases of uneven, misaligned, or irregularly shaped teeth: to fix teeth with bulges or craters in them for a smile makeover

    What to Expect

    Porcelain veneer placement is usually the final dental procedure during a smile makeover. If you have root canal infection, gum disease, or tooth decay, you should first seek treatment for these conditions. If successful, your dentist can clear you for cosmetic enhancement through dental veneers. Veneers typically fulfil three objectives.

    1. Teeth Whitening

      If you have one or two stained teeth, covering them up with porcelain veneers can cause the adjacent teeth to appear discoloured in comparison. Conversely, some teeth are more severely stained than those adjacent to them, and using the same uniform treatment may not completely cover the stains. Your dentist needs to customize the veneers for each tooth, using more porcelain shells to cover up darker stains. To harmonize the appearance of your smile, the teeth that don’t receive dental veneers may be whitened using other teeth whitening procedures.

    2. Tooth Restoration

      Porcelain veneers can help to restore teeth with minimal structural damage, such as cracks, to strengthen them. The thin porcelain layers are, however, not strong enough to hold together broken teeth, decayed teeth, or those with large cracks, and prevent further damage. A crown can be used to fix such damages.

    3. Smile Makeover

      Porcelain veneers can be used alone to fix minor cases of misaligned teeth or gaps between teeth to fix your smile. In severe cases, they can be used in combination with other procedures for a complete smile makeover.

    Are Porcelain Veneers Right for You?

    You should discuss with your dentist whether porcelain veneers are right for you. The ideal candidate should have good dental and periodontal health, have a sufficient amount of healthy tooth enamel, and be committed to proper at-home oral care, combined with regular dental checkups, to enjoy the results for decades.


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Dr. Stacey Stein
A graduate from the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto, Dr. Stacy Stein provides personalized care to each patient by explaining the risks and benefits of different treatment options in an honest way, and involves patients in their own care. With a focus on preventative, paediatrics, restorative, prosthodontics, and endodontics, she loves working with patients of all ages.