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5 Signs That Indicate Gum Disease



Most people, if they were fortunate enough, have been told since the time they were young the importance of brushing their teeth and maintaining good oral hygiene. This includes brushing, flossing, and visits to the dentist. While it can seem like quite the chore (especially to young children) developing healthy oral health habits will last you a lifetime, and ensure you maintain good health for your teeth, as well as your gums and tongue, well into the future. Many people who neglect their oral hygiene eventually find that it comes back to bite them, especially where gum disease is concerned. Below are 5 signs that indicate gum disease.

5 Signs That Indicate Gum Disease

Red gums

Healthy gums are pink in colour, not red. Red gums are a sign that your gums are not healthy. It might be a sign that you are brushing too hard, but it might also be a sign that you are not brushing properly. It may be one of the first signs of inflammation or the start of gum disease or infection. You want to pay special attention to the colour of your gums.

Swollen gums

Another of the telltale signs of gum disease is swollen gums. Generally speaking, your gums should have a tight, flat appearance where they appear to hug your teeth. Healthy gums tend to have the texture of an orange peel (also known as stippling). This is how you know that the gums are attached to the skin below the surface.

Bleeding gums

Healthy gums should not bleed. While it can be normal for gums to bleed if we floss or brush too hard, gums that spontaneously start bleeding for no apparent reason likely have some sort of gum disease. If you notice your gums bleeding for no reason, you will also likely notice a metallic taste in your mouth.

Receding gums

Receding gums are often one of the gum disease signs, but it could also be due to other factors such as brushing too rigorously, grinding, or other reasons related to medical trauma.


Pus can present itself in certain cases of gum disease. It is not a constant like the previously mentioned signs are, and it is often in more progressed cases that have become infected. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should always seek professional attention.

Gum health is incredibly important and has even been linked to cardiovascular health. If you take care of your gums, they should not display any of the above signs. If they appear red, swollen, are bleeding, receding, or contain any pus, medical attention should be sought immediately.

For more information on caring for your braces, call Centenary Dental at (416) 281-4746 or contact us here.

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Dr. Tali Waksman
A graduate from the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto, Dr. Tali Waksman went on to work as the only dentist on a Native reserve, serving 2000 people after completing a residency at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. With a warm and friendly personality and close attention to detail, she treats every patient like family.